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What are they?
A true ingrowing
toenail is where a shoulder or splinter of nail pierces the skin at the
side of the nail.
The most common
nail affected is the big toenail. It is most commonly found in teenagers,
The main cause
is poor nail cutting
- cutting the nail too short
- digging down the sides
Poor footwear - shallow, pointed shoes
What does it
The toe will
be tender and may throb. It will also become red, warm, swollen and, if
severe, infected, some pus discharge may be seen.
Where the piece of nail enters the skin a hole is formed which provides
a good source of infection which commonly accompanies this condition.
- Depends upon the severity of the case
It may simply involve the careful removal of the piece of nail which has
penetrated the skin, followed a month or more later by a packing placed
between the edge of the nail and the groove, which allows the nail to
grow over the skin properly. Sometimes the part is so sensitive the toe
needs to be numbed first, this can be done easily in the practice using
a local anaesthetic which is always available providing you have no medical
Been there - But it is not better!
If the area has not significantly improved by about 4 days following treatment,
you MUST return to the surgery, as probably there was more than one spike
causing trouble, this too has to be removed. Often I see and cure patents
who have been elsewhere without success.
Done that - Fed up now
If the nail keeps ingrowing, then a more permanent treatment is available
where we remove the offending side of the nail (leaving the centre of
the nail as it is), & permanently kill a bit of the nail root. See
in the nail groove is not due to the nail itself growing in, so ensure
if you have any problems with a toe, make sure you consult a chiropodist.
But it feels
mistake with ingrowing toenails is where treatment is postponed because
the pain has gone. Unless the ‘spike’ has been removed the pain will return
again, often worse. Taking antibiotics to clear any infection present
is almost pointless without the cause being dealt with, and can needlessly
allow delay in solving the problem.
and Pleasant Cure!
WEDGE RESECTION +
PARTIAL AVULSION + MATRIX PHENOLISATION.
was developed originally in America in the 1950’s and became the radical
treatment of choice by the 1980’s by members of the Society of Chiropodists
and the Podiatry Association (the only medical bodies trained in this
advanced technique of skin surgery).
A case history
is made and any medical conditions are taken into consideration before
the operation is performed. This is to ensure your absolute safety, if
you have had dental anaesthetics before, are reasonably fit, and have
no artificial implants there should not be any problems. Queries may need
to be checked with your doctor. You cannot expect to have an operation
without visiting here at least once beforehand.
is performed on an outpatient basis and is completely painless. The time
taken varies with each case and depends upon how many sides of nails are
requiring treatment, (usually between 45 and 90 minutes). A local anaesthetic
is administered to the base of the toes to be treated, you will normally
be lying down during the whole procedure. The numbness will last approximately
two hours. You must be accompanied home after the operation. Do
not consume alcohol for 24 hours before of after, or take any drugs without
consultation with the chiropodist. The edges should not be sore after
this time anyway, depending on what is intended you probably can continue
afterwards with your normal daily routine. Elevation, rest, and an ordinary
analgesic might be needed but only in rare cases that feel uncomfortable.
This operation is carried out under proper sterile field conditions so
needs to be booked at a mutually convenient time as I do need to arrange
an assistant to be available.
as the soonest, three days later at the latest, the dressing will need
to be changed. You will be supplied everything you need apart from a pair
of scissors. You bathe the toe, take the dressing off underwater, scrub
the area well, dry with a clean towel, apply the antiseptic, non-stick
gauze, and bandage as shown. Some days after the operation the groove
discharges a sticky fluid, this is a healthy sign and needs to be encouraged.
When this stops you no longer need to redress the part, this takes often
two to nine weeks. It is sensible practice to ensure that the operation
is carried out at least 3 weeks before a holiday is planned.